Many people are surprised to learn that obstetrics and gynecology are actually two separate medical fields. These doctors are often referred to as “OB/GYNs.” Training programs for the two specialties are combined, and OB/GYNs are fully qualified to practice both obstetrics and gynecology. However, after graduation, many OB/GYNs choose to practice only one of the two specialties.
Gynecologists are doctors who have specialized in the care and treatment of a woman’s reproductive functions. Gynecologists treat infertility and provide contraception to women. Gynecologists are trained to perform specialized surgical procedures such as hysterectomies and tubal ligations. They diagnose and treat infections of the vagina and uterus. They screen for, diagnose, and treat cancers of the cervix, uterus, ovaries, and breasts. They treat menstrual disorders and urinary incontinence.
Obstetricians specialize in pregnancy and childbirth. They only treat pregnant women. They don’t treat diseases. They perform prenatal examinations to determine the health of fetuses. They treat complications of pregnancy. Their primary role is to deliver babies. Obstetricians are trained in both vaginal and surgical (cesarean) delivery methods. Obstetricians are trained in managing high-risk pregnancies and in performing difficult deliveries.
Many women attend a gynecologist regularly throughout their adult life as their primary care physician. Gynecologists tend to develop long-term relationships with their patients and focus on preventative health care. They perform regular examinations and work to keep their patients healthy. However, gynecology isn’t all about Pap smears and prescribing birth control pills. Gynecologists are on the front lines when it comes to battling common cancers of women.
Obstetricians generally don’t develop long-term relationships with their patients. They only care for women and their fetuses during pregnancy and birth. Obstetrics can be a very stressful field, with emergencies and births happening around the clock.
In order to become an OB/GYN, a doctor has to attend a four-year residency program after graduating from medical college. The first year of residency is as a general intern, and the remaining three years focus on obstetrics and gynecology training. After completing the residency, doctors must pass special exams in order to become board-certified as an OB/GYN.
At South Lake OB/GYN and Advanced Surgery in Clermont, our team is comprised of board-certified OB/GYNs and Physicians Assistants who are dedicated to providing the best care to our patients. We offer obstetrics treatments, gynecology treatments, advanced surgery and even a medical spa to cater to all matters of women’s health. Contact South Lake OB/GYN and Advanced Surgery today to schedule your consultation with our amazing medical team.